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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

The rule that gives federal protections for personal health information held by covered entities and provides patients with a variety of rights with respect to that information. At the same time, the Privacy Rule is balanced so that it permits the disclosure of personal health information needed for patient care and other important purposes.

HIPAA specifies a series of administrative, physical, and technical safeguards for covered entities to use to assure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronically protected health information.